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In biostatistics, hazard, or the hazard rate, is the instantaneous rate of an event (death, failure…).  It is the probability of the event occurring in a (vanishingly) small period of time, divided by the amount of time (mathematically it is the limit of this quantity as the time period goes to 0).  The division by a time period means that hazard is not a probability, and is not limited to the range between 0 and 1.